What causes scaly patches on skin?

Scaling skin is a symptom of many medical conditions, including psoriasis, contact dermatitis, eczema, and fungal skin infections. Some causes can lead to health complications if left untreated. Commonly affected areas include the face, legs, and hands.

What are small scaly patches on skin?

Actinic keratoses are scaly spots or patches on the top layer of skin. With time they may become hard with a wartlike surface. An actinic keratosis (ak-TIN-ik ker-uh-TOE-sis) is a rough, scaly patch on the skin that develops from years of sun exposure.

What disease causes dry patches on skin?

Eczema: Eczema is a group of skin conditions that cause red, dry, bumpy and itchy patches of skin. Severe forms can cause cracking of your skin, which makes you more prone to infection. This common skin condition can worsen with irritants, allergens and stress.

What does psoriasis look like?

What Is Psoriasis? This skin condition causes a thick, patchy, red rash with silvery, white scales. The most common type is called plaque psoriasis. You can get it anywhere, but it shows up most often on your scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.

What do skin cancers look like?

Melanoma signs include: A large brownish spot with darker speckles. A mole that changes in color, size or feel or that bleeds. A small lesion with an irregular border and portions that appear red, pink, white, blue or blue-black.

How do I get rid of scales on my skin?

After bathing, gently remove the skin with your fingers, tweezers, or wet washcloth. You can also use a pumice stone or nail file on very thick scales. But take extra care not to tear or damage the skin beneath. Then apply a moisturizing ointment, cream, or oil.

Can you scratch off actinic keratosis?

While an actinic keratosis can sometimes resolve on its own, it usually recurs after further sun exposure; if scratched or picked off, it will return as well.

What does actinic keratoses look like?

Actinic keratoses (ak-TIN-ik ker-uh-TOE-seez) appear as rough, scaly patches that can range from tan or dark pink to brown. Also called solar keratoses, these patches are commonly found on the sun-exposed areas of people who have light skin.

What do dry skin patches look like?

Dry, dead skin cells accumulate in patches on the surface of the skin in a pattern similar to a fish’s scales. Patches of dry skin typically appear on the elbows and lower legs. Symptoms may include flaky scalp, itchy skin, polygon-shaped scales on the skin, scales that are brown, gray, or white, and severely dry skin.

Where does psoriasis usually start?

Psoriasis is a common skin disorder that forms thick, red, bumpy patches covered with silvery scales. They can pop up anywhere, but most appear on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. Psoriasis can’t be passed from person to person. It does sometimes happen in members of the same family.

What does dermatitis look like?

Rash on swollen skin that varies in color depending on your skin color. Blisters, perhaps with oozing and crusting. Flaking skin (dandruff) Thickened skin.

What does Stage 1 melanoma look like?

Stage IA Melanoma: The melanoma tumor is less than 1.0 millimeter thick (less than the size of a sharpened pencil point) with or without ulceration (broken skin) when viewed under the microscope. Stage IB Melanoma: The melanoma tumor is more than 1.0 millimeter and less than 2.0 millimeters thick without ulceration.

Is melanoma scaly?

Melanoma can appear as moles, scaly patches, open sores or raised bumps. Use the American Academy of Dermatology’s “ABCDE” memory device to learn the warning signs that a spot on your skin may be melanoma: Asymmetry: One half does not match the other half. Border: The edges are not smooth.

What does melanoma look like when it first starts?

The first sign of melanoma is often a mole that changes size, shape or color. This melanoma shows color variations and an irregular border, both of which are melanoma warning signs. Melanomas can develop anywhere on your body.

What does seborrheic dermatitis look like?

Seborrheic dermatitis signs and symptoms may include: Skin flakes (dandruff) on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or mustache. Patches of greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales or crust on the scalp, face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, chest, armpits, groin area or under the breasts.

Can you pick off seborrheic keratosis?

Most seborrheic keratoses do not cause any symptoms and do not require treatment, however, many people are bothered by their cosmetic appearance and want them removed. The growths should not be scratched off. This does not remove the growths and can lead to bleeding and possible secondary infection.

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